As will all fields, enjoyment is important. The video below shows many people having a good time including one young man who uses an everyday analogy of a radio station to explain a signal processing system for astronomy. He explicitly states that fun is a requirement.
The Virginia-North Carolina Alliance includes nine partner institutions, including four HBCUs. The program has been funded by the National Science Foundation since 2007. During this period enrollment in STEM majors at the nine partner institutions has increased by 39 percent. The number of students who graduated with degrees in STEM fields is up 67 percent.
This information was on an excellent list of STEM resources in the Journal of Blacks In Higher Education